Unix, Xenix and ODT General FAQ
At floppy boots but "mount" not there ... (was re:determine unix version), FyRE said:
The original HTFS driver module for Linux was written back in 2001 by
Andrzej Dereszowski. I knew that I had seen it before, but I think
you're correct that there's no opensource driver available at the
moment. I very much doubt the reason for the absence of this driver
is technical, but rather due to the threat of legal action from the
litigious bastards at SCO. Apparently SCOG licenced this tech to a
company called CrosStor, who developed a closed module for Linux,
but I think they've since gone out of business (maybe little/no
demand for that particular proprietary product? ;-)
Brian K. White wrote:
I know I read a readme and downloaded a patch that applied to some way
back 2.0 or even 1.x kernel that claimed to allow mounting of divvy
slices, but I never tried it and don't remember where I found it now. I
think it's out there to be had, but you have to search it out. For some
reason it's just not being accepted into the kernel tree proper.
For now you can do the following:
simply create a SCO filesystem on a raw partition manually, Linux will be
able to mount that filesystem, and so will SCO.
"mdev hd" is a script that runs fdisk, then divvy, then mkfs (among other
The easiest way to go would be to run mkdev hd to add a new hard drive,
(this creates the /dev/hdxxx device files for you) then determine the
device name for your new raw partition (or whole drive for that metter,
you actually do not need any partitions at all, not even one that takes up
the whole drive)
then dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/hd10 (for whole 2nd ide drive for instance)
then mkfs -f HTFS /dev/hd10
then mkdir /d2
then mount -f HTFS /dev/hd10 /d2
then to copy your "u" filesystem,
cd /u; tar cf - . | (cd /d2 ;tar xf -)
then in Linux:
mount -t sysv /dev/hdb /d2
Note: if Linux can't read the HTFS filesystem, you may need to try
substituting one of the following until it works. I know for a fact Linux
reads Xenix just fine, but Xenix fs has yucky limitations like 14
character name length
AFS Acer Fast Filesystem
DTFS Desktop Filesystem
EAFS Extended Acer Fast Filesystem
HTFS High Throughput Filesystem
S51KB AT&T UNIX(R) System V 1KB Filesystem
XENIX XENIX(R) filesystem
Brian also tells us:
Linux doesn't understand divvy, so to mount a xenix fs under linux, you just
need to have created the filsystem under xenix by writing to a whole fdisk
partition or whole-disk device, _not_ the normal way where divvy divides up
a fdisk partition into divvy partitions and then writes filesystems to
those. This means using for example /dev/hd11 as the mkfs target in xenix
for the 1st fdisk partition on the 2nd drive. IE: if migrating an old xenix
box and there is no room to make cpio/tar files, then add a 2nd drive, make
at least one fdisk partition that is only 512 Megs since a xenix filesystem
cannot exceed 512 megs anyways.
Then, in linux, you also have to know that linux and xenix count the fdisk
oartitions backwards from each other. Fdisk partition 1 (counting from 1) in
xenix, is fdisk partition 4 in linux.
Then again, if you are going to go to the trouble of adding a disk and
moving it to a linux box, you could just cpio the whole system, including
all mounted filesystems, (which might exceed 512 megs) directly to the
whole-disk device or a larger-than-512meg fdisk partition and skip creating
If you are trying to access a crashed SCO drive with Linux, keep
these things in mind:
If this page was useful to you, please help others find it:
- Linux uses partitions for one filesystem; SCO puts multiple
file systems on an fdisk partition. You might be able to use dd to
pull out what you want, but you'll need to know how big the
partitions are. Linux mount lets you specify an offset, so if you
know where the filesystem starts, you might be able to do it that
- A crashed fs will need to be cleaned- standard Linux fsck may
not understand SCO filesystems- and if it *thinks* it does, it
could destroy data.
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